In the last byte, we looked at various definitions involved in the expectancy model. In today's byte we delve deeper to understand the theory in greater detail.
Valence, Expectancy, and Instrumentality are all important to an individual's motivation. Expectancy and Instrumentality concern a person's beliefs about how efforts, performance, and rewards are related. The following diagram summarizes the relation.
If we map this to the real life, we can think of a situation where an individually may firmly believe that an increase in effort has a direct, positive effect on performance and that a reduced amount of effort results in commensurate reduction in person. There could be another person who might believe that regardless of the effort one puts in, no improvement in performance is possible.