In the last byte, we concluded our discussion on conflict management with the managerial implications of conflict management. In today's byte, we begin our discussion on job and work design.
We begin with defining the following terms:
Job: A set of specified work and task activities that engage an individual in an organization.
Work: Mental or physical activities that has productive results.
A job is different from an organization position or a career. Let’s understand the difference - organizational position identifies a job in relation to other parts of the organization; a career refers to a sequence of job experiences over time.
A job is composed of a set of specified tasks, each of which is an assigned piece of work to be done in a specified time period.
Work helps bind a person to reality. Work thus has different meaning for different people and we shall discuss about this in the next byte.